Crushendo Outline Sample

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This sample highlights when asking leading questions of witnesses would be permissible.

Cross Examination

Each party and the court may cross-examine each witness. FRE 614(a)-(b). Generally, unless the court allows, cross should not go beyond the scope of direct examination and witness credibility. FRE 611(b).

Form of questions

You should not ask leading questions unless you Cross Hostile Ninjas.

  • Cross Leading questions are okay on cross-examination.
  • Hostile – When you have a hostile or adverse witness. Or,
  • Ninjas – Necessary – When necessary to develop the testimony. FRE 611(c).

Also, you should not ask compound, confusing, badgering, argumentative, or speculative questions; or questions that assume facts not in evidence or misstate the evidence. See FRE 403.

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