Crushendo Outline Sample

We recommend students listen to each audio track on repeat until the principles cement in their memory. When you purchase Crushendo, you also get downloadable PDFs and MP3s to go with your online access. Each subject matter outline also includes online visual flashcards and accompanying audio flashcards. Affordable access to official NCBE practice questions and one-on-one tutoring are also available.

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This sample highlights when asking leading questions of witnesses would be permissible.

Cross Examination

Each party and the court may cross-examine each witness. FRE 614(a)-(b). Generally, unless the court allows, cross should not go beyond the scope of direct examination and witness credibility. FRE 611(b).

Form of questions

You should not ask leading questions unless you Cross Hostile Ninjas.

  • Cross Leading questions are okay on cross-examination.
  • Hostile – When you have a hostile or adverse witness. Or,
  • Ninjas – Necessary – When necessary to develop the testimony. FRE 611(c).

Also, you should not ask compound, confusing, badgering, argumentative, or speculative questions; or questions that assume facts not in evidence or misstate the evidence. See FRE 403.


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“I took a popular commercial course, and nothing provided in that course helped me actually memorize the nuances of the individual rules as well as Crushendo did.” – Ashley Smith, BYU Law School

“Crushendo is unlike all other major bar reviews available (Kaplan, Barbri, Themis). The audio outlines and flashcards are a way to learn and reinforce the catchy mnemonics that the program teaches. I highly recommend this to first-time and repeat takers . . .” – Patricia Rivera, Charleston School of Law

“I PASSED!!!! Crushendo is like no other bar prep!!! Over the past few years, I’ve struggled to pass the exam! I used Barbri, Themis, and even AdaptiBar, but there was something about these audios that struck a cord!” – KeLine Ajanoh, Esq.

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